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United States Population - History

United States Population - History

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The overwhelming majority of the people of the United States descend from immigrants from throughout the world. The largest minority group in the United States are African Americans who compromise nearly 10% of the country.

Background. Transgender individuals have a gender identity that differs from the sex they were assigned at birth. The population size of transgender individuals in the United States is not well-known, in part because official records, including the US Census, do not include data on gender identity. Population surveys today more often collect transgender-inclusive gender-identity data, and secular trends in culture and the media have created a somewhat more favorable environment for transgender people.

Objectives. To estimate the current population size of transgender individuals in the United States and evaluate any trend over time.

Search methods. In June and July 2016, we searched PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Web of Science for national surveys, as well as “gray” literature, through an Internet search. We limited the search to 2006 through 2016.

Selection criteria. We selected population-based surveys that used probability sampling and included self-reported transgender-identity data.

Data collection and analysis. We used random-effects meta-analysis to pool eligible surveys and used meta-regression to address our hypothesis that the transgender population size estimate would increase over time. We used subsample and leave-one-out analysis to assess for bias.

Main results. Our meta-regression model, based on 12 surveys covering 2007 to 2015, explained 62.5% of model heterogeneity, with a significant effect for each unit increase in survey year (F =�.122 df =𠂑,10 b =𠂐.026% P = .002). Extrapolating these results to 2016 suggested a current US population size of 390 adults per 100�, or almost 1 million adults nationally. This estimate may be more indicative for younger adults, who represented more than 50% of the respondents in our analysis.

Authors’ conclusions. Future national surveys are likely to observe higher numbers of transgender people. The large variety in questions used to ask about transgender identity may account for residual heterogeneity in our models.

Public health implications. Under- or nonrepresentation of transgender individuals in population surveys is a barrier to understanding social determinants and health disparities faced by this population. We recommend using standardized questions to identify respondents with transgender and nonbinary gender identities, which will allow a more accurate population size estimate.

Reviews & endorsements

". the first one-volume survey of the demographic history of the US. Graphs, maps, tables, bibliography, and index are valuable adjuncts to this succinct and well-designed study." G.J. Martin, emeritus, Southern Connecticut State University, Choice

"Klein has provided a rich framework that raises many questions. Historians in particular will be challenged to connect the themes in population history to the broad outlines of social, cultural, political, and economic history. All readers will learn a great deal from this well-conceived and remarkably "Klein has provided a rich framework that raises many questions. Historians in particular will be challenged to connect the themes in population history to the broad outlines of social, cultural, political, and economic history. All readers will learn a great deal from this well-conceived and remarkably succinct overview." The Journal of Southern History, Susan E. Klepp, Temple University

"The United States is a vast, diverse, and complex nation that has always been difficult to define and dissect. But Herbert S. Klein has brought order out of chaos in crafting in one volume a readable, understandable, and fascinating demographic history of the American people. It is a grand achievement." Kenneth T. Jackson, Columbia University and President, the New York Historical Society


Alaska is a unique state due to its unusual daylight schedule and extreme cold. Though it is the largest state in area, it is nearly the least populated state at 735,720 people. That means it only makes up 0.22% of the entire US population! To give you more detail, the area of Alaska is 663,267 square miles, and the next largest state is Texas, at 268,581 square miles. The only area in the US less populated than Alaska is the District of Columbia, with the difference being less than 25,000 people! The largest city in Alaska, Anchorage, houses over 40% of the total Alaskan population.

The state of Alaska is one of 11 that have seen a decline in its growth in its 2019 population, though its overall growth since the 2010 census indicates an increase of approximately 3.06% from 713,906 people. The drop is measured to be 0.23%, bringing the population down from 737, 438 in 2018.

Colorado Population 1900-2020

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F | United States Population Chart

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    • Authors: P. Scott Corbett, Volker Janssen, John M. Lund, Todd Pfannestiel, Sylvie Waskiewicz, Paul Vickery
    • Publisher/website: OpenStax
    • Book title: U.S. History
    • Publication date: Dec 30, 2014
    • Location: Houston, Texas
    • Book URL: https://openstax.org/books/us-history/pages/1-introduction
    • Section URL: https://openstax.org/books/us-history/pages/f-united-states-population-chart

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    White People of &aposGood Character&apos Granted Citizenship

    January 1776: Thomas Paine publishes a pamphlet, 𠇌ommon Sense,” that argues for American independence. Most colonists consider themselves Britons, but Paine makes the case for a new American. 𠇎urope, and not England, is the parent country of America. This new world hath been the asylum for the persecuted lovers of civil and religious liberty from every part of Europe,” he writes.

    March 1790: Congress passes the first law about who should be granted U.S. citizenship. The Naturalization Act of 1790 allows any free white person of “good character,” who has been living in the United States for two years or longer to apply for citizenship. Without citizenship, nonwhite residents are denied basic constitutional protections, including the right to vote, own property, or testify in court.

    August 1790: The first U.S. census takes place. The English are the largest ethnic group among the 3.9 million people counted, though nearly one in five Americans are of African heritage.

    Find Data and Statistics from the Government

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    Federal Government Data and Statistics

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      collects information on economic indicators, national and international trade, accounts, and industry. reports on justice systems, crime, criminal offenders, and victims of crime. measures labor market activity, working conditions, and price changes in the U.S. economy. provides data on airline on-time performance, pirates at sea, transportation safety and availability, motorcycle trends, and more. is the main source of data about our nation's people and economy. provides a window into how people are interacting with the government online. is the home of the U.S. Government's open data. Find federal, state, and local data, tools, and resources to conduct research, build apps, design data visualizations, and more. informs public and private decision making on economic and policy issues related to agriculture, food, the environment, and rural development. provides data on U.S. use of coal, natural gas, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and more. examine tax returns to report on such things as sources of income, exemptions, use of medical savings accounts, migration, and geographic data, tax information on foreign corporations controlled by U.S. parent corporations, exports, international boycotts, and investments and activities in the U.S. by foreign persons. researches data on food production and supply, organic sales, chemical use, demographics of U.S. producers, and more. Every five years it conducts the Census of Agriculture that provides agricultural data for every county in the United States. researches education in the United States. It publishes the Digest of Education Statistics, which includes international comparisons of students, and the annual report to Congress, The Condition of Education, which reports the progress of American education. is the principal health statistics agency for improving the health of the American people. publishes data on the American science and engineering workforce and the progress of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education in the United States. provides statistics on the Federal civilian workforce through data sources such as FedScope.
  • Social Security Administration Office of Research Evaluation and Statistics offers data on social security program benefits, payments, covered workers, and more. is the official source for spending data for the U.S. government. Learn about the size of the federal budget, and how the government spends that money on a national level and around the country.
  • You can also search a federal agency's website to see what types of statistical information it provides. Find the U.S. government department or agency you want to search.

    State and Local Government Data and Statistics

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    The National Map offers mapping products from federal, state, and local partners on a variety of topics, such as recreation, environmental resources, scientific analysis, and emergency response.

    Literacy of population

    According to our estimates 263,102,447 persons or 99% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in United States of America (USA) are able to read and write. Accordingly about 2,657,600 adults are illiterate.

    Literacy rate for adult male population is 99% (128,384,329 persons). 1,296,811 are illiterate.
    Literacy rate for adult female population is 99% (134,718,118 persons). 1,360,789 are illiterate.

    Youth literacy rates are 99% and 99% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

    Source: The estimation data for section "United States of America (USA) population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) .

    Atlas of the United States

    The United States of America, also referred to in short form as the United States, the USA, the U.S., and colloquially as America, is a country in North America that extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, and shares land borders with ► Canada (including ► Quebec) and ► Mexico. To the west of Alaska lies ► Russia, to the south and east of Florida ► Cuba, the ► Bahamas and ► Bermuda are located. The United States is a federal constitutional republic, with its capital in Washington, D.C. It consists of fifty individual states and a number of territories and other federally administered areas. At over 3.7 million square miles (over 9.6 million km²), the United States is the third largest country by total area. It is the world's third most populous nation, with over 300 million people.
    Asssociated commonwealths are the ► Northern Mariana Islands and ► Puerto Rico, other organized unincorporated territories are ► Guam and the ► United States Virgin Islands. The unorganized unincorpated territory with self-government is ► American Samoa. The unincorporated unorganized territories are ► Baker Island, ► Howland Island, ► Jarvis Island, ► Johnston Atoll, ► Kingman Reef, ► Midway Atoll, ► Navassa Island, ► Wake Island and the incorporated unorganized territory is ► Palmyra Atoll. The United States have the ► Guantanamo Bay Naval base on ► Cuba. ► Palau, the ► Marshall Islands, and ► Micronesia are freely associated with the United States. Maritime borders are shared with ► Japan and the ► Philippines.

    Chinese: 美利堅合眾國 - 美利堅合眾國 通稱美国,旧称花旗国,是位於北美洲的聯邦共和制國家,也是世界上最為悠久的共和立憲制國家。美国本土东濒大西洋,西临太平洋,北靠加拿大,南接墨西哥及墨西哥湾。首都為华盛顿哥伦比亚特区。

    Tagalog: Estados Unidos ng Amerika - Ang Mga Nagkakaisang Estado ng Amerika na mas kilala sa pangalang Estados Unidos ng Amerika ay isang republikang pederal na mayroong limampung estado. Karaniwang tinatawag na “Amerikano” ang mga mamamayan nito.

    ᜆᜄᜎᜓᜄ᜔: ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜇᜓᜐ᜔ ᜂᜈᜒᜇᜓᜐ᜔ ᜈᜅ᜔ ᜀᜋᜒᜍᜒᜃ - ᜀᜅ᜔ ᜋᜅ ᜈᜄ᜔ᜃᜃᜁᜐᜅ᜔ ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜇᜓ ᜈᜅ᜔ ᜀᜋᜒᜍᜒᜃ ᜈ ᜋᜐ᜔ ᜃᜒᜎᜎ ᜐ ᜉᜅᜎᜅ᜔ ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜇᜓᜐ᜔ ᜂᜈᜒᜇᜓᜐ᜔ ᜈᜅ᜔ ᜀᜋᜒᜍᜒᜃ ᜀᜌ᜔ ᜁᜐᜅ᜔ ᜍᜒᜉᜓᜊᜎᜒᜃᜅ᜔ ᜉᜒᜇᜒᜍᜎ᜔ ᜈ ᜋᜌ᜔ᜍᜓᜂᜅ᜔ ᜎᜒᜋᜅ᜔ᜉᜓᜅ᜔ ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜇᜓ᜶ ᜃᜍᜈᜒᜏᜅ᜔ ᜆᜒᜈᜆᜏᜄ᜔ ᜈ “ᜀᜋᜒᜍᜒᜃᜈᜓ” ᜀᜅ᜔ ᜋᜅ ᜋᜋᜋᜌᜈ᜔ ᜈᜒᜆᜓ᜶

    French: États-Unis d'Amérique - Les États-Unis d'Amérique sont une fédération constituée de cinquante États (représentés par les cinquante étoiles du drapeau) situés en Amérique du Nord et dans l'océan Pacifique. Quarante-huit de ces cinquante États sont situés au sud du Canada et au nord du Mexique. L'Alaska est située à l'ouest du Canada. Hawaii est dans l'océan Pacifique, à 3 900 km au sud-ouest de la Californie. Washington, D.C., est la capitale fédérale du pays, avec un statut spécial (ce n'est pas un État et le district n'est pas non plus membre d'un État fédéré). D'autres territoires ont des statuts spécifiques, notamment des États (anciennes colonies) qui ne sont pas membres de droit de la fédération, mais qui sont en pratique intégrés : les Samoa américaines, Guam, les îles Mariannes du Nord, Porto Rico et les îles Vierges américaines.

    German: Verenigte Staaten von Amerika - Die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika sind eine Bundesrepublik in Nordamerika. Das Land nimmt rund die Hälfte der Landmasse des Kontinents ein und ist der flächenmäßig drittgrößte Staat der Erde.


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